We will be closer to the Sun on January 2, 2018 than we will be for the rest of the year.
Blue Moon (2nd full moon) this month. First total lunar eclipse of Blue Moon in 150 years.
Full Moon: January 2
Third Quarter: 8th
New Moon: 17th
First Quarter: 24th
Full Moon: January 31
This month offers the best chance of the year for viewing Mercury, which rises about two hours before dawn and should be visible with binoculars an hour or so before dawn in the south-eastern sky.
Venus Nope. Not this month.
Mars will keep getting brighter as the month goes on. By January 15th Mars should be about magnitude +1.3. Mars will approach Jupiter during the first days of January, and will be very close on January 7th. Over the coming months our view of Mars will continue to improve as we get closer together. Each month Mars will appear bigger and brighter in our scopes, with more detail visible.
The King rises at about 3 am in the constellation Libra at the beginning of the month and by 1:30 am at month’s end. Mars will approach Jupiter during the first days of January, and will be very close on January 7th. This should make for a fun view through binoculars or a small telescope. Even with a very modest telescope, the bands and the four Galilean moons will be visible.
Saturn is behind the Sun and not visible.
This Ice Giant is getting smaller and dimmer, but still is visible most of the night. It can be seen in binoculars and even seen with the naked eye in really dark skies. Noteworthy because it is very high in the sky. It hasn’t been this high since the 1960’s. This is a very faint object, very far from Earth, so if you are hunting Uranus, this would be a very good time to look for it. In a telescope it will appear as small, pale, blue-green disk, with no surface detail visible. Still, you will be able to saw you saw it with your own eyes.
Not visible this month.