Last Quarter: 2nd
New Moon: 9th
First Quarter: 16th
Full Moon: 24th
MERCURY may be visible at the beginning of October but very low (4*) above the W around sunset, getting a little higher as the month goes on. Towards the end of the month, Mercury will be near Jupiter, as Jupiter prepares to disappear soon. Binoculars are the best way to spot it.
At the beginning of the month, Venus remains very bright in the western sky around sunset, but is very low (around 5*) so any hill or trees will block it. By the middle of the month it will be setting before the Sun, but starting to reappear very low in the predawn sky by the end.
Mars is well positioned for viewing all month. It will be low in the southern evening sky and will set after 1 am. Earth continues to pull away from Mars and it will continue to diminish in apparent size and brightness. The planet-wide major dust storm that has engulfed Mars for months has subsided so this hopefully will be a good time to see some surface detail before it gets too far away. A small telescope may reveal major surface details if seeing conditions continue to improve. Mars sets around 1 am or so.
The King reached opposition back on May 8th, and continues to get smaller as distance grows between us, and it getting very low now as well. At the beginning of October Jupiter sets around 8:45 pm. At the end of the month it sets around 7 pm.
Saturn sets around 11 pm at the beginning of the month, and about sets about 9 pm at the end. The rings are still at a great angle, and Saturn will be about 20* around sunset.
URANUS at Opposition!
Uranus, will be visible all night long during October, and continue to get closer to us, reaching opposition on October 23 when it will appear biggest and brightest. It will be a binocular target throughout October. Use a tripod to steady the binoculars.
Recently past opposition, it should be visible all night long, and fairly high in the sky. That said, make no mistake that it is not easy and you will likely need a telescope of 8-inch and larger aperture to resolve the planet. It is very far away (2.7 billion miles [4.3 billon kilometers] at this time, and very dim (magnitude 7.8).