How to Become an Electrician


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Electricians read blueprints and technical diagrams to determine the locations of circuits, outlets, load centers, and other equipment. They also use voltmeters, ammeters, thermal scanners, and other tools to test, repair, or install electrical wiring and fixtures.

The work environment of an electrician can be both indoors and outdoors, at homes, businesses, factories, and construction sites. It can be strenuous and involve long periods of standing, stooping, kneeling, or lifting heavy objects. It also involves the risk of exposure to dust, dirt, fumes, and solvents. Electricians may need to wear safety glasses and goggles. They can also be exposed to noise and inclement weather conditions. Electricians often travel to different job sites and may have to commute long distances.

An apprenticeship is the first step for an aspiring electrician to become licensed. The program typically lasts four to five years and includes both classroom instruction and on-the-job training. Apprentices learn to drill holes, set anchors, measure and fabricate conduit, and install, connect, and test wiring and electrical equipment. They also learn how to read blueprints and drawings, prepare cost estimates, and maintain equipment and systems.

Once an electrician has completed their apprenticeship, they must pass an exam to become a journeyman electrician. Journeymen are qualified to supervise other electricians and oversee electrical projects. They have extensive knowledge of national and state electrical codes and are able to troubleshoot complex problems. Journeymen must continually update their skills and take classes to keep up with changing technology in the field.

Some electricians choose to specialize in specific areas of the field. For example, residential and construction electricians specialize in wiring new and existing structures according to local codes. Some electrical contractors specialize in telecommunications, and some even focus on alternative energy sources such as solar and wind power. Other electricians, like linemen, work on transmission and distribution lines.

Most electricians have full-time schedules and work 40 hours per week. However, they may have to work overtime or on-call shifts, depending on the nature of their jobs and the needs of their clients. Some electricians are members of unions, and as a result, they have more rigid guidelines about the number of hours they can work and how much overtime they must be paid. Other electricians are not part of any particular union and have more flexibility about the number of hours they can work.

Job Duties

The job duties of an electrician are varied and include a combination of technical and customer service work. These range from inspecting wiring, equipment, and fixtures to making repairs or replacing them. They also have to be familiar with the National Electrical Code (NEC). This is a set of standards that ensure electrical installations are safe and follow building regulations.

Depending on the electrician’s level of experience, they might also have to supervise and direct teams of apprentices or trainees. This requires strong leadership skills and the ability to communicate effectively with clients, contractors, and fellow employees.

Electricians are usually required to complete their work on a call-out basis, so flexibility with their schedules is important. They may need to meet with a client before starting their work and explain what’s involved, including possible costs. It’s essential for them to be honest and transparent, as this will help build trust between them and the client.

Another necessary skill is the ability to read and interpret electrical blueprints, specifications, and drawings. This will allow the electrician to make the most accurate estimates for labor and materials for each project. It’s also helpful for them to be able to quickly respond to any questions or concerns a client might have.

When performing their work, electricians are often required to climb or access difficult-to-reach areas of buildings. This can be physically demanding, and they must have a high level of physical fitness as well as excellent manual dexterity to operate hand tools. They must also be able to carry heavy or bulky items and be willing to work from ladders, scaffolding, or rooftops.

Other job duties of an electrician can include preparing and recording invoices, quotes, or estimates for customers. This can involve calculating labor and material costs for each job as well as providing documentation for taxation purposes if they are self-employed. They may also be responsible for ordering parts and supplies and maintaining their own vehicles and tools.

In addition to these job duties, an electrician should be proficient at writing and communicating. This is important for both their client communication and their own record-keeping, as well as ensuring they’re meeting all the required standards and codes. They should also be able to keep calm under pressure and remain professional when facing challenging situations.

Training Requirements

Those interested in becoming electricians will need to complete their education through either an apprenticeship program or by attending a vocational trade school. The latter is usually more preferred, as it offers a combination of classroom and lab training that is more comprehensive. The trade school should be accredited by a reputable agency to ensure that it offers quality programs.

The first step to pursuing a career as an electrician is earning a high school diploma, or GED. Students should pay special attention to math classes (such as algebra and trigonometry) and science courses, such as physics. They should also take shop and mechanical drawing courses.

Upon graduating from high school, the next step is to enroll in an apprenticeship program for electricians. These are often found through local unions and offer on-the-job training while allowing students to earn a paycheck. In most cases, apprentices will work for several years and gradually become able to perform a full range of electrical services. After completing their apprenticeship, students will be eligible to apply for state licensure.

In addition to formal education, aspiring electricians must have excellent problem-solving skills and the ability to follow standard safety protocols when working with electricity. These skills will come in handy when inspecting and repairing existing wiring or installing new ones. In addition, the job requires a good understanding of the physical properties of different materials, including their weight, size, and color.

The work of an electrician can be physically demanding, so it is important for them to have excellent vision and hand-eye coordination. The job also involves precision, so it is essential for the electrician to be able to work quickly and efficiently. In addition, electricians must be able to read and interpret blueprints and other technical documents. Lastly, they must have the ability to manage their time well so that they can meet deadlines and complete projects on time.


One of the ways that an electrician can make more money is to specialize. If they can become a service technician, for example, and learn to troubleshoot and perform repairs, they will make their boss more money. Specialized technicians that are good at what they do are in high demand, and their boss will want to keep them around.

Another way to increase your salary as an electrician is to work hard and be a team player. This goes for any job, but especially this one. If you show up on time and always do your best, your boss will notice. This is something that all bosses look for in employees. Hard workers are in short supply in all industries, but they are particularly valuable to employers.

Electricians can also make more money by starting their own company. This takes a lot of upfront investment, but it can pay off in the long run. It can be a good way to make more money while having control over your own schedule and working environment.

If you have an entrepreneurial spirit and a passion for electrical work, this may be an option that you should consider. However, it is important to understand that it can be a very risky and stressful career choice. You will need to be very knowledgeable about electrical work and be able to manage employees.

In addition, if you are an independent contractor, it can be difficult to find the customers that you need in order to make a living. This is why many people choose to stay with their employer and not venture out on their own.